Lieutenant General (Retired) Agus Widjojo served in the Indonesian Armed Forces for 33 years and is regarded as the leading intellectual in the Indonesian military. Over the years, he guided the Armed Forces into its current role as a professional military without political involvement, a departure from the dual function of the Indonesian Armed Forces that dominated the government for decades.
His primary research interests are security sector reform, democratization process, and post-conflict reconciliation.
Agus graduated from the Indonesian Armed Forces Academy in 1970 and served tours as a staff officer in the International Commission for Control and Supervision in Vietnam in 1973, and the Indonesian Battalion to the United Nations Emergency Force II in the Sinai Peninsula of Egypt in 1978. Among his field assignments as an infantry officer was commanding general of the 17th Airborne Brigade that is part of the Army Strategic Command.
Agus retired from active duty in 2003. His last two active duty assignments were as chief of staff for territorial affairs for the commanding General TNI, where he worked on the Indonesian democratization process and military reform; and deputy speaker of The National Consultative Assembly representing the Military and National Police Faction.
He has served as a deputy in the Presidential Delivery Unit and on the Commission of Truth and Friendship Indonesia – Timor Leste. Currently, he is a member of the Advisory Board of the Institute for Peace and Democracy at Udayana University and a senior fellow at CSIS Jakarta.
- Indonesian Armed Forces Academy
- Master’s degree in Military Art and Science, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, USA
- Master’s degree in National Security, U.S. National Defense University, Fort Lesley J. McNair, Washington, D.C., USA
- Master’s degree in Public Administration, George Washington University, Washington, D.C., USA